Ill fitting shoes and improper nail trimming are two of the most common causes of an ingrown toenail. Other causes include; fungal infection, or nail injury. Swelling, pain redness and sometimes infection are symptoms of an ingrown toenail. Conservative treatment includes regular podiatry and comfortable spacious shoes.

There are a number of surgical procedures to cure an ingrown toenail.

A nail ablation is where the nail growing into the skin is cut away. This procedure is non permanent as the germinal matrix of the nail is not affected.

A wedge  or partial resection will leave a cosmetic nail.

The most reliable procedure involves removing a wedge of nail and destroying the germinal matrix. This will then inhibit the cells from growing a new nail.

The most reliable procedure involves removing a wedge of nail and destroying the germinal matrix. This will then inhibit the cells from growing a new nail. This results in a permanently narrower nail.

These surgeries are done as a day case .

3 days will be needed off work. The toe will be sore after this procedure and pain medication and oral antibiotics will be provided. Dressings are removed on day 3 and the foot is soaked in warm salty water and redressed.